The History of the International HIP Committee, IHC
More information can be found on the IHC web site www.hotisostaticpressing.net
The modern, commercial HIP industry is generally seen as springing from a research and development effort at Battelle Memorial Institute in the mid-1950’s in which elevated temperature and isostatic pressure was used to clad uranium oxide fuel elements with a zirconium alloy. During the 1960’s and early 1970’s the process transferred from the laboratory to the commercial arena and in addition to diffusion bonding/cladding applications, the use of hot isostatic pressing for the elimination of porosity in castings and the consolidation of powder metallurgy materials became practical. By the late 1970’s and 1980’s the technology and the HIP industry grew to a level where international technical conferences were being held.
One series of conferences (listed in Table I) were held in the United Kingdom sponsored all or in-part by the technical periodical, “Metal Powder Report”. A second series of conferences (listed in Table II), sometimes called the “Luleå conferences”, after the site of the first of those conferences, began. Between 1986 and 1990, there were international HIP conferences being held every year but one, and, while there was never any direct conflict between the two conference series, the technical HIP community was relatively small and the interval between one international technical meetings and the next was seen by some as being too short.
At the 1991 conference in Osaka, Japan, Professor Mitsue Koizumi suggested that the two series be combined into one and that a committee be formed for the purpose of organizing future HIP conferences. It was agreed that a conference every three years was appropriate and thus, in 1993, the first in a series of triennial meetings organized by the IHC was begun. That committee that was formed became the International HIP Committee. The primary purpose of this group remains the organization of the triennial HIP conference and that series of conferences continues with the next meeting slated for June of 2014, to be held in Stockholm, Sweden.
Table I. The U.K. HIP Conferences, 1978-1990
|1978||Loughborough, Scotland||1st International Conference on Isostatic Pressing, 19-21 September 1978 Loughborough, Scotland, U.K. (Sponsored by Loughborough University of Technology and Metal Powder Report)|
|1982||Stratford-upon Avon, England||2nd International Conference on Isostatic Pressing: A Metal Powder Report Conference Stratford-upon-Avon, 21-23 September, 1982|
|1986||London, England||3rd International Conference on Isostatic Pressing: A Metal Powder Report Conference, London, 10-12 November 1986|
|1990||Stratford-upon Avon, England||4th International Conference on Isostatic Pressing: A Metal Powder Report Conference|
Table II. The Luleå Series, 1987-1991
|1987||Luleå, Sweden||HIP: International Conference on Hot Isostatic Pressing, Luleå, Sweden, 15-17 June 1987|
|1989||Gaithersburg, MD, USA||Hot Isostatic Pressing Theory and Applications: proceedings of the second international conference, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA, 7-9 June 1989|
|1991||Osaka, Japan||Hot Isostatic Pressing Theory and Applications: proceedings of the third international conference, Osaka, Japan, 10-14 June 1991|
Table III. The IHC Conferences
|1993||Antwerp, Belgium||Hot Isostatic Pressing 1993: Proceedings of the International Conference (HIP ’93), Antwerp, Belgium, 21-23 April 1993|
|1996||Andover, MA, USA||HIP ’96 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing|
|1999||Beijing, China||HIP ’99 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing|
|2002||Moscow, Russia||HIP ’02 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing|
|2005||Paris, France||HIP ’05 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing|
|2008||Huntington Beach, CA, USA||HIP ’08 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing|
|2011||Kobe Japan||HIP ’11 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing|
|2014||Stockholm, Sweden||HIP ’14 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing|