International IHC Committee

The History of the International HIP Committee, IHC

More information can be found on the IHC web site  www.hotisostaticpressing.net

The modern, commercial HIP industry is generally seen as springing from a research and development effort at Battelle Memorial Institute in the mid-1950’s in which elevated temperature and isostatic pressure was used to clad uranium oxide fuel elements with a zirconium alloy.  During the 1960’s and early 1970’s the process transferred from the laboratory to the commercial arena and in addition to diffusion bonding/cladding applications, the use of hot isostatic pressing for the elimination of porosity in castings and the consolidation of powder metallurgy materials became practical.  By the late 1970’s and 1980’s the technology and the HIP industry grew to a level where international technical conferences were being held.

One series of conferences (listed in Table I) were held in the United Kingdom sponsored all or in-part by the technical periodical, “Metal Powder Report”.  A second series of conferences (listed in Table II), sometimes called the “Luleå conferences”, after the site of the first of those conferences, began.  Between 1986 and 1990, there were international HIP conferences being held every year but one, and, while there was never any direct conflict between the two conference series, the technical HIP community was relatively small and the interval between one international technical meetings and the next was seen by some as being too short.

At the 1991 conference in Osaka, Japan, Professor Mitsue Koizumi suggested that the two series be combined into one and that a committee be formed for the purpose of organizing future HIP conferences.  It was agreed that a conference every three years was appropriate and thus, in 1993, the first in a series of triennial meetings organized by the IHC was begun.  That committee that was formed became the International HIP Committee.  The primary purpose of this group remains the organization of the triennial HIP conference and that series of conferences continues with the next meeting slated for June of 2014, to be held in Stockholm, Sweden.

 

 

Table I.  The U.K. HIP Conferences, 1978-1990

1978 Loughborough, Scotland 1st International Conference on Isostatic Pressing, 19-21 September 1978 Loughborough, Scotland, U.K. (Sponsored by Loughborough University of Technology and Metal Powder Report)
1982 Stratford-upon Avon, England 2nd International Conference on Isostatic Pressing: A Metal Powder Report Conference Stratford-upon-Avon, 21-23 September, 1982
1986 London, England 3rd International Conference on Isostatic Pressing: A Metal Powder Report Conference, London, 10-12 November 1986
1990 Stratford-upon Avon, England 4th International Conference on Isostatic Pressing: A Metal Powder Report Conference

 

 

Table II.  The Luleå Series, 1987-1991

1987 Luleå, Sweden HIP:  International Conference on Hot Isostatic Pressing, Luleå, Sweden, 15-17 June 1987
1989 Gaithersburg, MD, USA Hot Isostatic Pressing Theory and Applications: proceedings of the second international conference, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA, 7-9 June 1989
1991 Osaka, Japan Hot Isostatic Pressing Theory and Applications: proceedings of the third international conference, Osaka, Japan, 10-14 June 1991

 

Table III. The IHC Conferences

1993 Antwerp, Belgium Hot Isostatic Pressing 1993: Proceedings of the International Conference (HIP ’93), Antwerp, Belgium, 21-23 April 1993
1996 Andover, MA, USA HIP ’96 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing
1999 Beijing, China HIP ’99 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing
2002 Moscow, Russia HIP ’02 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing
2005 Paris, France HIP ’05 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing
2008 Huntington Beach, CA, USA HIP ’08 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing
2011 Kobe Japan HIP ’11 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing
2014 Stockholm, Sweden HIP ’14 – International Conference on Isostatic Pressing

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